What are the Properties of Matter

You can find two classes of properties:

Physical properties

Chemical properties

Physical properties: matter can exist in 3 different states.

Liquid state: possesses the property of flowing to adopt the shape of its container.

Solid state: rigid, possesses a definite shape.

Gaseous state: takes both the shape and volume of its container. Gases are quickly compressible and capable of infinite expansion.


Note: Physical properties can be noticed and measured without altering the identity of the substance.

Chemical properties: cannot be observed and measured only by altering the identity of the substance.

Note: Chemical properties explain a substance's ability to go through chemical change.

Understanding the Properties of Matter

The science of chemistry is mostly concerned with the understanding and classification of matter. This understanding normally begins with careful observations. What does a certain sample of matter seem like? Is it a solid, liquid or gas? Is it hard or soft? Is it shiny or dull? These types of questions are where we will start our study of matter and its properties.

Matter is regarded as anything that has mass and uses up space. Matter can be best understood with regards to its properties. Some properties of matter can be determined without changing the identity of the matter and it is there that we will start.

Silver and ordinary table salt, are 2 examples of chemical substances. A pure substance is actually matter that has a uniform and definite composition. All examples of pure substances have the same properties.

A physical property is actually a characteristic of a substance that can be observed or measured without altering the identity of the substance. For instance, silver is a shiny metal that conducts electricity perfectly. It can be also molded into thin sheets, a property referred to as malleability. These are all physical properties of silver.