What is Behaviorism

The word behaviorism means school of psychology founded through John B. Watson according to the belief that behaviors could be trained, measured and changed. Behaviorism had been established with the publication of Watson's traditional paper Psychology since the Behaviorist Views It (1913).

Behaviorism, also referred to as behavioral psychology, is a theory of studying based upon the idea that most behaviors are obtained through conditioning. Conditioning takes place through interaction with the environment. Behaviorists think that our reactions to environmental stimuli shapes our own behaviors.

Based on behaviorism, behavior can be analyzed in a observable and systematic method without consideration of inner mental states. This school of thought indicates that only observable behaviors must be studied, since internal states for example emotions, cognitions and moods are extremely subjective.

You can find two main types of conditioning:

Classical conditioning is an approach used in behavioral training where a naturally taking place stimulus is paired with a response.

Operant conditioning Operant conditioning (sometimes known as instrumental conditioning) is an approach of learning that takes place through punishments and rewards for behavior.


  

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is actually a psychotherapeutic method that deals with maladaptive behaviors, cognitive processes and dysfunctional emotions and contents through several goal-oriented, explicit systematic procedures. The name identifies cognitive therapy, behavior therapy and to therapy dependent upon a mixture of basic behavioral and research and cognitive principles. Many therapists dealing with patients coping with depression and anxiety utilize a blend of cognitive and behavioral therapy. This method acknowledges that there might be behaviors that cannot be managed through rational thought. CBT is action oriented (therapist attempts to assist the client in choosing specific ways to help address those issues) and issue focused (undertaken for certain problems).

CBT is regarded as effective for that treatment of a number of conditions, such as anxiety, mood, eating, personality, tic, substance abuse and psychotic disorders. Numerous CBT treatment applications for specific disorders are already evaluated with regard to efficacy; the health-care trend of evidence-based treatment, in which specific treatments for symptom dependent diagnoses are suggested, has favored CBT over other methods including psychodynamic treatments.

Behaviorism Psychology

Behaviorism (or behaviourism), is a method to psychology that mixes elements of methodology, philosophy and theory. It emerged within the early 20th century like a reaction to "mentalistic" psychology, which regularly had trouble making predictions that might be tested utilizing rigorous experimental techniques. The main tenet of behaviorism, as expressed within the writings of B. F. Skinner, John B. Watson and others, is that psychology need to concern itself using the observable behavior of animals and people, not with unobservable occasions that happen in their minds. The behaviorist school of thought retains that behaviors as such could be described scientifically with no recourse either to inner physiological events or to hypothetical constructs for example beliefs and thoughts.

From earlier psychology in the nineteenth century, the behaviorist school of thought discussed commonalities and ran concurrently with the psychoanalytic and Gestalt movements in psychology to the 20th century; but additionally differed from the mental philosophy from the Gestalt psychologists in crucial ways.