Moon is the Earth's only natural satellite. A natural satellite is really a space body which orbits a planet, a planet just like object or even an asteroid.
It's the 5th largest moon inside the Solar System.
The average distance from the Moon towards the Earth is actually 384403 km's (238857 miles).
The Moon orbits the Earth every 27.3 days.
Mons Huygens will be the tallest mountain on the Moon; It is 4700 meters tall, approximately half the height of Mt Everest (8848m).
The Moon revolves on its axis in across the same Period of time it will take to orbit the Earth. Which means that from Earth we just ever see around 60% of the surface (50% at any one time)?
The side that we are able to see from Earth is known as the near side while the other side is known as the far side (it might be referred to as dark side although it illuminated through the Sun nearly as much as the near side).
The consequence of gravity is just about one fifth (17%) as strong on the top of Moon when compared to strength of gravity on the surface of the Earth.
The Soviet Union's Luna program featured the initial successful landing of the unmanned spacecraft on the top of Moon in 1966
1. Moon's Age: The moon is far more than previously expected. Possibly even older than the Earth or even the Sun. The oldest age for the Earth is estimated being 4.6 billion yrs. old; moon rocks have been dated at 5.3 billion yrs. Old, as well as the dust upon which these were resting was a minimum of another billion years older.
2. Rock's Origin: The chemical composition with the dust where the rocks sat differed remarkably in the rocks by themselves, contrary to accepted theories how the dust resulted through weathering and breakup with the rocks themselves. The rocks required result from elsewhere.
3. Heavier Elements on Surface: Normal planetary composition leads to heavier elements within the core and lighter materials on the surface; not too with the moon.
4. Water Vapor: On March 7, 1971, lunar instruments placed through the astronauts recorded a vapor cloud of water passing across the top of moon. The cloud lasted 14 hours and also covered an area around 100 square miles.
5. Magnetic Rocks: Moon rocks have been magnetized. This can be odd since there is no magnetic field around the moon itself. This could not need originated from a "close call" with Earth" such an encounter might have ripped the moon apart.
6. No Volcanoes: A few of the moon's craters originated internally, yet there's no indication how the moon has been ever hot enough to create volcanic eruptions
The eight phases of the moon consist of: new moon, waxing crescent, first quarter, waxing gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous, last quarter as well as waning crescent phase. A phase with the moon is called syzygy plus it takes place when the sun, moon and also the earth are usually aligned inside a straight line.
The Soviets followed that success a month later with the first animal in space, Laika the dog, which did not survive the experience. (See pictures of monkeys and other primates sent into space.)
Things came to a head in April 1961, when the Soviets sent the first human to space. Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin made a 108-minute suborbital flight in a Vostok 1 spacecraft and returned safely to Earth.
A month later Alan Shepherd became the first American in space with his suborbital flight aboard the Freedom 7 spacecraft.
From there the two countries started upping the ante by increasing the number of orbits per flight. Meanwhile Kennedy's moon directive had signaled a change in tactics for the U.S.