It is difficult to store fluorine as it is corrosive to most metals.
In 1906, Ferdinand Frederic Henri Moisson was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work isolating fluorine in 1886.
It is the most electronegative element on Earth.
Fluorine is the lightest of the halogens and has only one
stable isotope, F-19.
The crust contains between 600 and 700 parts per million of
Fluorine is the thirteenth most abundant element in the
Its most important mineral is fluorite, used as early as
1530 in smelting processes.
It is usually only found in compounds due to its high level
The dangerous nature of producing elemental fluorine keeps
it in its more viable form, hydrofluoric acid, which is a $16 billion per year
Its name comes from the source mineral, fluorite.
Facts for Kids
It condenses to a bright yellow liquid at -188 °C (-307 °F).
Fluorine is gaseous at room temperature, and its pale yellow
color can only be viewed when looking down at it through a test tube; from the
side, it is colorless.
Fluorine is rare in the universe, at only 400 parts per
Reactions with elemental fluorine can be very explosive
Fluorite mining produces approximately 4.5 million tons of
the mineral per year which can be used for commercial fluorine purposes.
Any fluorine created in stars quickly breaks down through
nuclear fusion with hydrogen to produce helium and oxygen or with helium to
make neon and hydrogen.
Fluorocarbons are produced as industrial coolants and
One form of fluorine used commercially is fluroide, which is
applied as a treatment for dental health and added to water supplies in many
places to increase tooth strength.
Properties of Fluorine
Fluorine (F) comes with an atomic number of nine and is
regarded as the reactive and electronegative of all elements.
It is a Pale yellow gas
It has a powerful odor that is simple to detect
Fluorine is one of the most reactive elements
Fluorine changes form a gas to a liquid at a temperature of
Additionally, it changes from a liquid to a
soild at -363.30