Existential psychotherapy is an original style of treatment that puts focus on the human situation as a whole. This psychotherapy utilizes a positive method that applauds human capabilities while simultaneously sustaining a genuine perception of the limits of the human spirit, human being and human mind. Existential psychotherapy was created by Soren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Rollo May, Jean-Paul Sartre, Viktor Frankl, James Bugental, Kirk Schneider, Irvin Yalom, Myrtle Heery and Stephen Diamond. Existential psychotherapy gives numerous similarities to:
Timeline of Existential Therapy
Existential Therapists' Process
Accepting Fears and Overcoming through Existential
Resources Related to Existential Psychotherapy
Existential therapy produced through the philosophy of
Kierkegaard and Nietzche starting in the early 1800’s. Kierkegaard theorized
that human being discontent could just be overcome via internal wisdom.
Nietzche further created the theory of existentialism by presenting the idea of
personal responsibility and free will.
Existential Therapy Techniques
Psychological theories are often dependent in more pervasive
philosophical ideas, for example humanism or naturalism. These fundamental
philosophies often result in Christians to refuse a psychological theory.
However, when psychological theories obtain some biblical correction, Christian
counselors may effectively utilize them to aid clients. Existential therapy is
special in that it is much more of a philosophical orientation to therapy
compared to an actual therapeutic theory.
Existential therapy presumes
human freedom plus a corresponding human responsibility for actions and
choices. Consumers are motivated to reflect on life, identify the significance
of their own reactions and choices and understand to exercise responsibility in
framing their own lives. Meaning is a main focus. Existentialism posits which
humans have a capacity for self-awareness; freedom, which necessitates
responsibility; establish meaningful relationships and the ability to produce a
personal identity; a push to search for purpose and meaning, which results in
the formation of values and goals; anxiety and an awareness of nonbeing or
death. Existential therapy attempts to balance one’s awareness of limits and
tragedies having an awareness of potential and opportunities.